Beyond Transboundary Water Cooperation
Rescaling Processes and the Hydrosocial Cycle Reconfiguration in the Talas Waterscape (Kyrgyzstan-Kazakhstan)
In the framework of the political ecology of water, and specifically of international development policies and hydrosocial relations interfaces, this contribution aims to analyze how the establishment of the Chu-Talas Interstate Commission has influenced rescaling processes and reconfigured the hydrosocial cycle and power relations in the Talas waterscape (Kyrgyzstan-Kazakhstan) at the borderland level. Through the hydrosocial cycle analysis and the focus on the role of water institutions and linked political discourses, on water users practices, and transboundary infrastructures management, data were collected through semi-structured interviews and informal talks in six villages of the waterscape. The evidence shows that whereas the establishment of the Chu-Talas Commission led to a complex multi-level rescaling process, in contrast, the hydrosocial cycle has been slightly reconfigured by the formalization of the development initiative, but rather by recent internal political transformations (in contrast between the two states) and informal practices.
Andrea Zinzani, PhD in Human / Political Geography at the University of Fribourg/Freiburg and at the University of Verona, held a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Fribourg/Freiburg in 2014, the FMSH-Fernand Braudel scholarship at the CNRS, UMR 7528 Mondes Iranien et Indien in 2015 and a DAAD grant, based at the Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology in Bremen in 2016. Currently, he is a post-doctoral researcher at the Global Development Institute, University of Manchester. His research interests range from Political Geography to Political Ecology and Water Politics, with a regional focus on Central and Southeast Asia. He published his monograph The Logics of Water Policies in Central Asia: the IWRM implementation in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, (Lit Verlag, 2015), together with articles in international journals spanning the geography of water to development politics in Central Asia.
Ce texte a été rédigé dans le cadre d’une bourse Fernand Braudel IFER, du 1er avril au 31 décembre 2015, au sein du laboratoire UMR 7528 Mondes iranien et indien, CNRS.