18 November 2021
Why Reforming Islam to Fight Violent Radicalization is a Bad Idea

"Political participation in its “extreme” Middle Eastern context" webinar | Thursday, November 18th 2021

New session of the "Political participation in its “extreme” Middle Eastern context" webinar, organised by the FMSH and Ifpo for the PAVE project. Intervention by Georges Fahmi.

Intervention

Following a resurgence of Islamist terrorism over the last decade, many political leaders have called for an ‘Islamic reformation’ as an approach to face this wave of religiously inspired violent radicalization. This is the case in both Muslim majority as well as Muslim minority countries. In France for example, President Emmanuel Macron has called last year for the reform of Islam in France. He wants to build an ‘Islam of Enlightenment’, a project which would include training for imams that combines knowledge about Islam with the values of the Enlightenment, as well as in-depth teaching of progressive Muslim thinkers such as Averroes and Ibn Khaldun from the 12th and 14th centuries. Macron’s project coincides with other calls for reform of the Islamic tradition in Muslim societies over the last few years such as Egypt and Saudi Arabia. However, to what extent can this state call to ‘reform’ Islam, both in terms of rules governing the religious sphere, as well as deciding on/ reforming the religious discourse, prevent violent radicalization within Muslim communities? How is the state management of the religious arena impacting the phenomena of violent radicalization? And vice versa, does violent radicalization have implications for the state management of religion?

Details

Webinar (in english)

Thursday, November 18th 2021
5pm - 6.30pm

Registration (un email de confirmation vous sera envoyé avec toutes les informations pour rejoindre le webinaire)

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Georges Fahmi: Associate Fellow, the Middle East and North Africa Programme at Chatham House. Previously, Fahmi was a research fellow at the Middle East Directions Programme of the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, at the European University Institute in Fiesole, Italy. His research focuses on religious actors in democratic transition in the Middle East, the interplay between state and religion in Egypt and Tunisia, and religious minorities in Egypt and Syria.

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Séminaire

Political participation in its “extreme” Middle Eastern context

Despite the preponderance of research on violent extremism and prevention and control policies in general, the key concepts generated by this discipline are problematic because they are often normatively loaded and empirically imprecise. To provide a better understanding of the subject of violent extremism, both scientific and in public policies, we have chosen to engage in dialogue within this webinar, researchers, stakeholders and practitioners whom we call “from the inside”, who question the construction of radicalization and violent extremism within political relations in the MENA region.

Our objective is to constitute a new and original approach, from the bottom, to understand the different realities of violence, radicalization, violent extremism and terrorism, by comparing, confronting and criticizing the different public policies and the different approaches implemented to tackle the phenomenon of violent extremism in the studied states. Beyond radicalization and violent extremism, the question of civil, armed, military and political engagement and participation since the Arab revolts will be posed in an articulation between the local, the national and the global.

We seek to understand how the relations between political actors within states located in the MENA region are articulated with regional issues; how past and present political conflicts are played out between national actors and permanently redraw the map of political and community affiliations, both in discourse and in practice. Local, national and regional contexts will thus be studied as catalysts for political relations between (state and non-state) actors in the region.

Webinar format and research axes

On the basis of a meeting every three weeks, we will meet starting from April 2021 around a communication based on a country research work, complemented by the intervention of an activist, practitioner or stakeholder shedding light on the issues raised, and leaving plenty of room for collective discussion.

Several themes and areas of research will be addressed during the sessions:

Area 1. Commitment, governance and policies

  • Militant careers, how does one become a political actor in this region of the world? What is political activism built on or what is the trajectory of political actors in the countries of the region?
  • The relations between dominant political actors, the opposition and marginalization?
  • Relationship between political institution, partisan institution and religious institution (duplication, alliances, conflicts…)?
  • Modes of government, political discourse and practices…

Area 2. Law, fight against terrorism and penitentiary institution

  • The impact of anti-terrorism laws on the treatment of violent extremism and on the organization of prisons: emergence, strengthening and extension of a specific legal framework reconfiguring the relations between justice, police, army and intelligence.

Area 3. media treatment of political and power relations

Area 4. Citizenship vs. sectarianism: public action, self-awareness, new ways of participation and political organization

The webinar will be held in the three languages, Arabic, English and French.

Session 1

April, 22th from 5:00 to 6:30 PM CET

Virtual Citizenship: Saudis in Clubhouse by Professor Madawi Al-Rasheed

Session 2

May, 6th from 5:00 to 6:30 PM CET

Interventions by Iyad Kallas and Wassim Naboulsi

 

Steering Committee

Marie KORTAM (Ifpo-FMSH) Mohammed SHARQAWI (FMSH)

In partnership with Ifpo.

 

The PAVE project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 870769.
The content provided in this webinar reflects the author’s views only. Neither the Research Executive Agency (REA) nor the European Commission are responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.
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PAVE Project | Webinar

Rubrique (Parent) : 
Research
Programmes : 
PAVE | Preventing and Addressing Violent Extremism through Community Resilience in the Balkans and MENA
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nouveau contenu
Language : 
en
fr
Type de programme : 
Séminaire

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